A Score that Really Matters: The Credit Score
Before lenders make the decision to give you a loan, they have to know if you're willing and able to repay that loan. To figure out your ability to pay back the loan, lenders assess your debt-to-income ratio. To assess how willing you are to repay, they use your credit score.
The most widely used credit scores are called FICO scores, which were developed by Fair Isaac & Company, Inc. Your FICO score ranges from 350 (high risk) to 850 (low risk). You can learn more about FICO here.
Credit scores only assess the information in your credit reports. They don't consider income or personal characteristics. Fair Isaac invented FICO specifically to exclude demographic factors like these. Credit scoring was envisioned as a way to assess a borrower's willingness to pay while specifically excluding other demographic factors.
Your current debt load, past late payments, length of your credit history, and other factors are considered. Your score comes from the good and the bad of your credit report. Late payments count against your score, but a record of paying on time will raise it.
Your report must have at least one account which has been open for six months or more, and at least one account that has been updated in the past six months for you to get a credit score. This payment history ensures that there is sufficient information in your report to build an accurate score. Should you not meet the minimum criteria for getting a credit score, you might need to establish your credit history before you apply for a mortgage.
At F&T Mortgage, Inc. NMLS # 168839 (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org), we answer questions about Credit reports every day. Give us a call at 214-300-8756.