FICO Credit Scores: What Do They Mean?
Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to just one number.
All the years you've been paying your various bills: your mortgage, car payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, sliced, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
The three agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following to calculate your credit score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers in the current environment have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I improve my credit score?
Is it possible to raise your FICO score? Because the score is entirely based on your lifelong credit history, it's very difficult to significantly improve the score with quick fixes. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
How do I find out my credit score?
To improve your FICO score, you've got to get the credit reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the original FICO credit score, offers credit scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three agencies. Also available are information and tools that help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report every year from all three agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Call us at 214-300-8756.