Your Credit Score: What it means
Before lenders make the decision to lend you money, they want to know that you're willing and able to repay that mortgage. To assess your ability to pay back the loan, they assess your debt-to-income ratio. To assess your willingness to repay, they use your credit score.
The most widely used credit scores are FICO scores, which Fair Isaac & Company, a financial analytics agency, developed. The FICO score ranges from 350 (high risk) to 850 (low risk). You can learn more on FICO here.
Your credit score is a result of your repayment history. They don't consider income or personal characteristics. Fair Isaac invented FICO specifically to exclude demographic factors. "Profiling" was as dirty a word when these scores were invented as it is now. Credit scoring was developed to assess a borrower's willingness to pay while specifically excluding any other personal factors.
Your current debt load, past late payments, length of your credit history, and a few other factors are considered. Your score is calculated wtih both positive and negative items in your credit report. Late payments will lower your score, but consistently making future payments on time will improve your score.
Your report should contain at least one account which has been open for six months or more, and at least one account that has been updated in the past six months for you to get a credit score. This history ensures that there is enough information in your credit to assign a score. If you don't meet the criteria for getting a score, you may need to establish your credit history prior to applying for a mortgage loan.
At F&T Mortgage, Inc. NMLS # 168839 (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org), we answer questions about Credit reports every day. Call us at 214-300-8756.