About Your Credit Score
Before lenders decide to give you a loan, they want to know that you are willing and able to repay that mortgage loan. To assess your ability to pay back the loan, they look at your debt-to-income ratio. In order to assess your willingness to repay the mortgage loan, they consult your credit score.
The most widely used credit scores are called FICO scores, which were developed by Fair Isaac & Company, Inc. Your FICO score ranges from 350 (very high risk) to 850 (low risk). We've written a lot more about FICO here.
Your credit score is a result of your history of repayment. They don't take into account your income, savings, down payment amount, or demographic factors like gender, race, nationality or marital status. These scores were invented specifically for this reason. "Profiling" was as dirty a word when FICO scores were invented as it is today. Credit scoring was envisioned as a way to assess a borrower's willingness to pay while specifically excluding other demographic factors.
Your current debt load, past late payments, length of your credit history, and other factors are considered. Your score is calculated from the good and the bad of your credit report. Late payments will lower your score, but establishing or reestablishing a good track record of making payments on time will raise your score.
For the agencies to calculate a credit score, borrowers must have an active credit account with at least six months of payment history. This payment history ensures that there is sufficient information in your credit to build an accurate score. Some folks don't have a long enough credit history to get a credit score. They should spend some time building a credit history before they apply.
F&T Mortgage, Inc. NMLS # 168839 (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org) can answer questions about credit reports and many others. Give us a call at 214-300-8756.